Q: My wife is German, but is a resident alien of the US. We are currrently assigned in Germany. Will my wife be entitled to a Social Security benefit even though she has not worked in the US? Does it matter where I retire (German or USA)?
A: I double checked the Social Security Handbook to be sure of this answer. As your wife, she will be entitled to a spousal benefit based on your earnings record, regardless of whether or not she is an American citizen. Social Security benefits are payable overseas.